Principal Investigator, Pakistan

Dr Rabaab Zahra MSc, PhD. Associate Professor at the Department of Microbiology, Quaid-i-Azam University, Islamabad

Dr Zahra completed her PhD from University of Edinburgh where she studied the cellular mechanisms involved in trinucleotide repeat instability using E. coli as a model system. In her post-doctoral training at the University of Washington, Seattle and University of California, San Diego she worked on investigating the role of microRNAs in regulation of neuronal autophagy. Since joining Quaid-i-Azam University in 2011, Dr Zahra has established a research group focusing on studying the epidemiology and mechanisms of antibiotic resistance and how this is disseminated in hospital and environmental settings.

Co-Principal Investigator, Pakistan

Professor Dr Haider Shirazi MBBS, DCH, MCPS,FICP, FACP, FCPS. Professor of Neonatology at SZAB Medical University, PIMS, Islamabad

Clinical Microbiologist, Pakistan

Dr Rubina Kamran.MBBS, MPhil. Assistant Professor of Pathology at SZAB Medical University, PIMS, Islamabad

Pakistan Main Site

The BARNARDS site in Pakistan is based in Islamabad Capital Territory (ICT) which is one of the two federal territories of Pakistan. It covers an area of 1,165.5 km2 (450 mi2) and includes Islamabad City (Capital City of Pakistan) and surrounding rural areas. It is located at the northern edge of the Pothohar Plateau and has an estimated population of around 2 million.

BARNARDS in Pakistan is being managed by Quaid-i-Azam University, with the Pakistan Institute of Medical Sciences (PIMS) being the main clinical center.


The Pakistan institute of Medical Sciences (PIMS) was established in 1985 as a research oriented health sciences institute and quickly became one of the region’s leading tertiary level hospitals. PIMS now includes 22 medical and surgical specialist centers consisting of three semi-autonomous hospitals participating in the BARNARD project, including:

  • Islamabad Hospital (the main hospital), A 592-bed hospital spread over 3.5 hectares
  • The Children’s Hospital, A 230 Bedded spread over 1.6 hectares specializing in pediatric care
  • The Maternal & Child Health Care Centre, A 125 bedded, specialising in obstetrics, gynaecology and neonatology

Laboratory Technologist, Zainab Majeed

Zainab has BSc from Punjab University and an MSc Microbiology from Quaid-I-Azam University, Islamabad. Zainab updates and assists in the management of BARNARDS databases containing patient and microbiological information.

Research Tenchnician, Mahnoor Nisar

Mahnoor has a BSc from Punjab University and an MSc Microbiology from Quaid-I-Azam University. Mahnoor is assisting the research nurses in patient follow-up and updating babies information and outcome.

Research Tenchnician, Sidra Sajid

Sidra has a BSc from Punjab University and an MSc in microbiology from Quaid-i-Azam University, Islamabad. Sidra is involved in updating patient data from questionnaires and analysis of any neonatal sepsis cases caused by Gram positive bacteria.


Research Nurse- Noreen Maqsood

Research Nurse- Sajana Sadiq

Research Nurse- Sumble Ahsan

BARNARDS Community Project, Bhara Kahu

The BARNARDS community site in Pakistan is located in rural Bhara Kahu, operating from the local health centre. Local mothers arriving at the health centre to give birth are enrolled in the BARNARDS project after informed consent. Any samples collected from the mothers and babies are sent to PIMS for processing due to the relatively close proximity to the capital city. Bhara Kahu health center also covers patients coming from surrounding areas including, Mal Pur, Pind Bhagwal and Maira Bhagwal. The center additionally offers facilities such as maternal care, vaccinations and general outpatient services.

Community Coordinator, Adil Muhammad

Adil has bachelor of science degree in microbiology from Kohat University of Science & Technology where he worked on antibiotic resistance in Helicobacter pylori from patients in the Kohat region. He assists with work management both at the community and main hospital site.

Community Coordinator, Syed Najeeb Ullah

Najeeb has a BS (Hons) from University of Peshawar and is currently studying for his MPhil Microbiology at Quaid-i-Azam University. As community coordinator, he is a central link between community nurses and hospital staff. He keeps track of patients being referred to other hospitals from the rural health center.

Community Nurse- Kalsoom Bibi

Community Nurse- Kausar Waheed

Community Nurse- Rubina Kousar